High speed railways
The High-Speed Rail section Moscow – Rostov-on-Don – Adler are included in the Russian Federation territorial planning scheme.
The territorial planning scheme of the Russian Federation in the field of federal transport, approved by order of the Government of the Russian Federation dated March 19, 2013 No. 384-r, includes information on the location and main characteristics of the Kazan-Yekaterinburg section of the Moscow-Kazan-Yekaterinburg high-speed line and the high-speed line “Moscow – Rostov-on-Don – Adler.”
The order was prepared by the Ministry of Transport of Russia in accordance with the Transport Strategy of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2030 and the Forecast of the long-term socio-economic development of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2030.
The planned length of the Kazan-Yekaterinburg high-speed rail is 766 km, and the Moscow-Kazan-Yekaterinburg 1525 km. Railway stations, stations, separate points with track development will be reconstructed and built on the sections, rocky railway lines with high-speed traffic will be built, as well as infrastructure elements of the existing railway line on the Tuapse-Adler section of the North Caucasian Railway.
In accordance with the 2030 Transport Development Strategy (recall that it was adopted back in 2008), special attention will be given to rapid and high-speed rail lines, which can achieve very high speeds: the high-speed rail lines should be able to run up to 400 km / h. They are, of course, completely different railways. Dmitry Medvedev, Prime Minister of the Russian Federation
The construction of the high-speed rail line and its current apparent Moscow-Kazan main line present a definite area and an entire field for innovation. In this case, we are tasked with implementing of a range of solutions and innovations connected not only with multiple units traveling at speeds of up to 400 km / h, but also with providing appropriate infrastructure, a management system, and traffic safety. Maksim Sokolov, Minister of Transport of the Russian Federation
In 2018, the Urbana Fabrica team was involved in the development of the strategy of the city of Rostov-on-Don and the Rostov Region in terms of the urban development, in particular the transport development.
Our team face that fact, that The High-Speed Rail Lines (HSRL) are planned out of the city of Rostov-on-Don and the HSRL train station is 15km far from city. We detected that fact as a problem for future development of the city. The history of the city is showing that crossroad of rail line actually gave opportunity to grow for the city and become regional center, even cities as Taganrog and Novocherkassk was bigger and has more influence in XIX century. More that this, the train station are opposite side from new airport, which is 40 km far from city compare with previous airport being inside the city.
Along with that Rostov-on-Don face that train traffic inside city are limited by speed and number of train have direct impact on road traffic because city center are inside rail ring with only nine cross gates.
The Urbana Fabrica work was combine those problems as well with the tram lines design. The team proposed the creation of a new HSRL train station in the west side of the city, which allows you to get to the station on the new tram line, at the same time not wasting time for the trains traveling across the city.
The design solution is the flyover construction of a high-speed line in the north of the city with a stop at the airport. The entrance to the city from the north-west side, overpass over the existing railway lines, over the planned tram line and passes into the bridge over the Don river further southward, including in the immediate vicinity of the city of Azov, which will enable it to be included in the high-speed transport system at the macro region scale.